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Papers and Proceedings on Economics

Papers and Proceedings on Economics provides background information on important economic topics.

Forwarding to KfW Research

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European SME Survey 2019 – Going Digital  (PDF, 7 MB, non-accessible)
International migration in a long-term perspective  (PDF, 1 MB, non-accessible)
KfW Start-up Report 2018 – Number of start-up founders increased to 108,000 in 2017  (PDF, 582 KB, non-accessible)
Internationalisation of European SMEs – Taking Stock and Moving Ahead  (PDF, 2 MB, non-accessible)
Building Momentum in Venture Capital across Europe – France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom  (PDF, 951 KB, non-accessible)
Regulation of Promotional Banks and potential impacts  (PDF, 1 MB, non-accessible)
SME Investment and Innovation – France, Germany, Italy and Spain  (PDF, 3 MB, non-accessible)
Critique of accommodating central bank policies and the 'expropriation of the saver' – A review
Export and import activities of young German enterprises (Executive Summary)  (PDF, 145 KB, accessible)
KfW Sustainability Indicator 2013  (PDF, 112 KB, accessible)
New or old? Comparing entrepreneurs founding a new venture to those taking over an existing business  (PDF, 166 KB, non-accessible)
Young and innovative, seeking … loan Financing young companies which invest in R&D  (PDF, 124 KB, non-accessible)
Barriers and obstacles in starting a business: Entrepreneurs and prevented entrepreneurs  (PDF, 149 KB, non-accessible)
Minimum expected return of private equity companies: Claims become more modest  (PDF, 162 KB, accessible)
KfW Sustainability Indicator 2012  (PDF, 61 KB, non-accessible)
Internationalisation in Germany's SME sector - Step by step to global presence  (PDF, 64 KB, non-accessible)