Peace and security
Peace and security are key requirements for sustainable development. Armed conflict and war destroys economic and social infrastructure, weakens state institutions and drives poverty levels up. Other forms of violence - such as urban crime or violence against women and children - actually cause considerably higher social costs, because they are far more widespread worldwide. Helping to shape the transition from crisis situations to sustainable state structures is a central task that KfW Development Bank takes short and long-term measures to promote on behalf of the Federal Government.
The OECD had previously classified 50 countries as fragile. The OECD recently launched a new, multidimensional that now classifies 56 countries as having “fragile” status. KfW is involved in many of these countries; around one-quarter of our new commitments are destined for fragile states. A focus of the commitment is on preventing crises and promoting peace. Examples include support for reconstruction the DR Congo, promoting the peace process in Colombia and the “Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund”.
Focal point: support for refugees
More than 65 million people worldwide are seeking refuge as a result of civil wars and sustained or recurrent crises. On behalf of, and with the help of funds from, the Federal Government and other donors, KfW Development Bank provides support to refugees and the communities taking them in in developing countries. The regional focus of commitment is on the Middle East region.
Refugee aid in crisis regions
In times of crisis, Financial Cooperation can take measures at short notice to help make local living conditions more bearable by maintaining basic services, for example by providing food aid and helping with the labour-intensive reconstruction of basic infrastructure in affected areas, which also creates jobs and allows people to earn an income.
Mitigating the causes of flight and migration
Many of the current causes of conflict and flight are of a political nature (e.g. state repression, discrimination and persecution, serious human rights violations). However, natural disasters and lack of economic prospects may also force people to leave their homes. Many of the projects supported by KfW mitigate the causes of flight and migration by aiming to reduce poverty and inequality (e.g. income-generating measures, developing social security systems), to promote good governance and transparency (e.g. decentralisation projects) and boost resilience in the face of any crisis (e.g. disaster preparation, insurance approaches)
Support for refugees and communities providing refuge
An average of 17 years pass before refugees are able to return to their home country. It is therefore important to develop solutions that effectively combine short-term aid measures with longer-term structural approaches regarding development cooperation. Support for the communities providing refuge is a particularly important issue here, as their supply infrastructure is often put under immense strain as a result of the high number of refugees. The direct consequences are overburdened water, sanitation and energy supply systems, overcrowded schools and healthcare facilities as well as a shortage of living space and rising rents. In order to safeguard the willingness of communities to take in refugees and to prevent conflict situations from developing between the local population and the refugees, the capacities of the local supply infrastructure must be quickly adapted to the required scale.
Promoting voluntary return and reintegration
As soon as the situation in the refugees’ regions of origin has stabilised, KfW Development Bank supports their voluntary return and reintegration on behalf of the Federal Government:
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Read more on our focal areas in 2017
The information contained in this online Annual Report 2017 is based on KfW’s Financial Report 2017, which you can download Should this online Annual Report 2017, despite the great care taken in preparation of its content, contain any contradictions or errors compared to the Financial Report, the KfW Financial Report 2017 takes priority.